Capsicum annuum, C. chinense, C. pubescens, C. baccatum
Origin: South and Central America
Plant: All year round in warm climates
Harvest: All year round in warm climates
These decorative, short-lived, warm climate perennials are renowned for their fiery fruit which come in a variety of colours: red, yellow, orange, black, purple, green. These plants grow up to 2 metres high with the smaller fruit generally being the hottest but their are many exceptions. The flesh and seeds of the fruit are eaten, with the seeds being the hottest component. Chilli seeds need warmth to germinate and enjoy a hot and sunny position with well drained soil. Regular watering is important avoid excessive application of fertilisers, instead provide a high level of organic matter and be sure to practice crop rotation.