Common Name: Pennyroyal (Flowering mint), squaw mint. mosquito plant, pennyrile, pudding grass
Origin: Europe, North Africa & Middle East
Propagation: Propagation is by root division or cuttings, which easily root in water. Easily grown by seed.
Perennial, ground cover, leaves to 2cm, creeping stems. In spring/summer the dainty whorls of lavender flowers on 30cm stems, stand upright and make a striking display. The whole plant is intensively aromatic, similar to peppermint but much stronger. Pennyroyal is shallow rooting and does not sucker underground as profusely as other mints. Often is used between pavers or as a lawn, but it must have ample water in dry spells to keep it lush. After flowering mow off the flower stems.
Pennyroyal can be applied to the skin the kill germs, keep insects away and treat skin diseases. Pennyroyal oil is used as a flea repellent for cats & dogs.
*not to be ingested
Common Name: Rau Rau, Rau Ram, Vietnamese Coriander, Lemon Coriander, Daun Laksa
Origin: Native to Asia
Propagation: Propagation is by root division or cuttings, which easily root in water
Perennial, spreading plant grows to 1m height with small pink flowers. The plant may also be grown in water or moist soil – in sun or shade.
Prune/harvest regularly to keep your plant looking great.
Leaves have a hot, pungent, biting flavour and small amounts are great in salads, soups, stews, stir-fries, casseroles, meat and noodle dishes.
Yarrow Achillea millefolium
Common Name: Soldiers Woundwort, Staunch Blood, Carpenter’s Woundwort, Knight’s Milfoil, Nosebleed, Bloodwort, Old Man’s Pepper, Noble Yarrow, Thousand Leaf, Thousand Seal, Old Man’s Pepper, Devil’s Nettle
Origin: Native to the northern hemisphere
Propagation: Root division or seed
A perennial, ground spreading herb with fragrant fern-like leaves 5-20cm long. Flower stems (white) are 30-60cm in length, often used in dried floral arrangements.
Yarrow will grow in sun or part shade and spreads easily in rich, loose soil. It seems to have a beneficial impact on other herbs and plants nearby as well as attracting beneficial insects, including ladybirds and predatory wasps. Yarrow also has insect repelling properties and can be used with other herbs as a spray on plants. It is also a great addition to your compost heap, working as an ‘activator’ of the composting process.
Prune after flowering.
Fresh yarrow leaves have a peppery taste and can be finely chopped and a little-used in salads, cheese dips or as a garnish. Leaves can even be steamed as used like spinach. Dried leaves, when powdered, add a pepper-like flavouring to your meals.
Common Name: St Robert, Storkbill, Cranesbill, Red Robin, Fox geranium, St Robert’s Wort, Bloodwort, Felonwort, Dragon’s Blood, Herb Robert
Plant: All year round
Harvest: All year round
Propagation: Propagation by seed
It is believed the herb was probably named after the 11th Century French Saint, Robert Abbot of Molerne, whose medical skills were legendary. Dies off in Summer to return in Winter (Sub-tropics). Annual 30-40cm, red stems and branches in many directions with green leaves 6cm length, both covered with tiny hairs. Dainty, bright-pink flowers with 5 rounded petals, each with a streak of white. Seeds self-disperse as mother plant dies. Plants enjoy shady, damp places especially stone paths. Has been observed to have an affinity with other plants and is not bothered by pests.
“If bothered by mosquitos when working in the garden, crush a few Herb Robert leaves and rub them on arms and legs.” (Isabell Shipard)
There are MANY health benefits attributed to Herb Robert and it makes a wonderful herbal tea.